Water Problems & Solutions

Most homes face a combination of water problems. We scientifically test each home and come up with custom solutions to treat existing problems and maintain excellent water quality for years to come. Below are some examples of common water problems you may be experiencing.

Hard Water

Symptoms: Hard water is easy to spot, it leaves a ring in your tubs and sinks made up of hardness, minerals and soap. This scum collects on shower walls, inside your household plumbing and on fixtures and even causes damage to your skin and hair. Hard water can also clog pipes, cause water heaters to operate insufficiently and increase maintenance on water-using appliances. The picture above shows a faucet that has severe calcium buildup and had to be replaced because it was hindering the flow of water in the home. Repairs like these can become quite costly but necessary if you don't treat your water correctly.

Solution: Water hardness is corrected by the use of a water softener/conditioner. The water passes through a tank containing resin beads holding "soft" sodium ions. The "hard" calcium and magnesium ions are then exchanged for sodium ions, thus softening the water.


Iron Water

Symptoms: Iron water is easy to detect, it may leave iron stains on sinks/tub/showers, clothing/linens or cause iron scaling to form in pipes and water-using appliances that makes your water look and smell bad. A water-test can determine how much iron is present in the home and which type of iron it is.

Solution: After carefully testing the iron content in your water we will correct it with solutions that range from water softeners to filtration to chemical treatments.


Taste & Odor

Symptoms: If you are connected to a municipal water supply, you can probably smell the chlorine wafting from your glass of drinking water at times. But wait, that's not right. You should be smelling chlorine in your pool, not your drinking water. Chlorine has been widely used as a disinfectant for drinking water since the early 1900s. Today, chlorine remains the most widely used chemical for water disinfection to ward off waterborne diseases and bacteria.

OR you woke up, ready to wash your face and brush your teeth and a rotten egg odor greats you as soon as you turn on the faucet. It isn’t uncommon to experience an odd smell coming from your water, especially if your water source is a deep well. Water that smells strongly of sulfur, or like rotten eggs, is likely attributed to the presence of “sulfur bacteria” or hydrogen sulfide. 

If you smell sulfur only when you use the hot tap, your water heater may be the culprit. Reactions caused by the magnesium anode rod and aluminum in your water heater produce hydrogen sulfide gas, yielding a stronger sulfur scent when you use the hot water.

Over 316 contaminants have been detected in water reservoirs across the U.S. and it is important to identify the source of the stench in order to ensure safe, clean drinking water.

Solution: It is important to have water sources tested for the correct levels of contaminants in order properly size equipment based on your unique water profile. Common low-level tastes and odors can be easily treated through activated carbon filtration. However, hydrogen sulfide levels can vary and any level over 2 ppm will require additional filtration and treatment. For any odors related to your hot water only, it is best to contact a plumbing professional who can replace the magnesium anode rod and/or flush the heater with a cleaning solution.



Symptoms: Turbidity is simply dirt or other suspended materials in your water. You can detect turbidity by visual inspection. In addition to being unpleasant to look at, it can clog small water-bearing openings and cause wear on valves, seats and washers.

Solution: Suspended materials in water can be trapped in a tank filter containing a bed of filtering materials. Small amounts of turbidity can be handled with a cartridge filter designed for removing sediment from your water supply.



Symptoms: Drinking water contaminants cannot be detected except by professional laboratory testing. These contaminants can be either naturally occurring or man-made. 

Solution: Depending on the type and amount of the contaminant, there are various methods of treating tainted water, including sediment filters, taste and odor filters, chemical containment filters, lead reduction filters, reverse osmosis drinking water systems and microbiological filtration. 

ARW is affiliated with certified laboratories that perform drinking water tests for customers worldwide in accordance with US EPA and standard methods. These labs will test for compliance and informational purposes and hold certifications across the U.S. 


The EPA and CDC provide a vast database of information on water-related issues, treatment methods and reference guides to educate consumers on all water-related topics.